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Full text of "History Of Ancient India"

{\rtf1\ansi {\colortbl;\red0\green0\blue0;\red0\green0\blue255;\red0\green255\blue255;\red0\green255\blue0;\red255\green0\blue255;\red255\green0\blue0;\red255\green255\blue0;\red255\green255\blue255;}{\fonttbl{\f0\froman\cpg0\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f1\froman\cpg1252\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f2\froman\cpg1251\fcharset204 Times New Roman;}{\f3\froman\cpg1250\fcharset238 Times New Roman;}{\f4\froman\cpg1257\fcharset186 Times New Roman;}{\f5\froman\cpg1254\fcharset162 Times New Roman;}{\f6\froman\cpg1253\fcharset161 Times New Roman;}{\f7\froman\cpg1255\fcharset177 Times New Roman;}}{\stylesheet {\sbasedon222\f1\fs20 Normal;}}\paperw12240\paperh15840\margl2573\margr4534\margt1440\margb720 \sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn2573\margrsxn4534\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols1\colsx60 \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li2\fi0\ri60\sb0\sa0\sl-240\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw1\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 ions gold and \i ayas of \i0 uncertain import, this period \charscalex94\expndtw7 7S of lead \i (stsa), \i0 tin \i (trapu\}^ \i0 silver \i (rajatd)^ \i0 gold \i\expndtw0 nyd), \i0 reel \i (lohita) ay as \i0 (copper) and dark \i (sydma) \i0\charscalex100\expndtw15 (iron). Gold and silver were mostly used for ng ornaments, bowls, vessels, etc. Gold was \expndtw11 ined from river-beds, or from the bowels of the \expndtw6 i, or from ore by smelting.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li5\fi0\ri19\sb0\sa0\sl-240\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw2\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 Regular coinage had not yet started, though the \charscalex94\expndtw0 \}f \i Satamana\sub y\nosupersub  \i0 equivalent to 100 \i krisnalas \i0 or \i gunja \i0\charscalex100\expndtw14 es\sub ?\nosupersub  was leading towards it. Thus the cow as a \expndtw-2 of value was gradually being replaced. \expndtw0 The dress, amusements, and food remained almost \expndtw-2 iame as in the time of the \i Rigveda. \i0 In a hymn of \i\expndtw-1 Atharvaveda^ \i0 however, meat-eating and drinking of \expndtw8 ate regarded as sinful acts. This may have been \expndtw3 to the doctrine of \i Ahimsd,, \i0 which now begins to \expndtw-4 linate.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-240\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw5\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 The later Vedic period was also probably marked \expndtw7 he knowledge of writing.   It has been suggested \expndtw8 5uhler and others that it was introduced in India xaders from Semitic lands about the 9th century \expndtw9 On the contrary, some scholars\super 1\nosupersub  stoutly main-\expndtw12 its indigenous origin, for which they assign an \expndtw5 er date.   The problem has been a veritable battle-' .nd for scholarly ingenuity, and it will continue to \expndtw8 solution  until  some new discovery is made, or \expndtw5 *et some unexpected light from the decipherment \expndtw0 fohenjo-daro seals.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li17\fi0\ri0\sb142\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex82\expndtw5\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 lion and Philosophy}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li19\fi0\ri26\sb110\sa0\sl-240\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw2\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 The theology of the later Vedic literature does not \expndtw6 lamentally differ from that of the old hymns. The \expndtw-3 es of the \i JLigveda \i0 reappear; only we notice a change \expndtw9 ieir emphasis. Prajapati, "the lord of creatures," \expndtw1 is the main subject of Brahmanic speculation, does}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li86\fi0\ri0\sb216\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw4\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 See \i e.g., MM. G. \i0 H. Ojha, \i Pracma-Hpi\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f1\cchs0 \'bb\hich\af0\dbch\af1\loch\f0\cchs0  \i0 Introduction.}\par }